Services, sites and mobile applications require identification (identity verification). Most often, you need to enter your username and password. You need it to log in to bank applications, email services like Google, social networks, the public services site, and many other places. If you choose an unreliable password or the same password for all sites, intruders will hack your account in seconds.
The main thing is never to use passwords that are among the most popular in the world: 123456, password, 12345, 12345678 and qwerty. Now let’s talk about how to securely protect your account.
Why are passwords cracked so quickly?
Cybercriminals have programs that use “password dictionaries” – they try to guess the right password for your account. The simpler the password, the faster it can be guessed.
Services, such as social networks, protect themselves from brute force by blocking the account after several unsuccessful attempts. But, unfortunately, not all resources have such a system.
The search dictionaries are voluminous and contain not only the most popular passwords, but also simple words from the dictionary. Even if you use something like kvantovayamechanica as a password, your account can be hacked.
With each passing year, the password-cracking software used by cybercriminals becomes more and more effective. Programs can pick not just numbers or words, but phrases and combinations of words and numbers. For example, the password “sl0zhnypar0l” is easily cracked. It is better not to use meaningful words or phrases at all.
What a strong password should be.
It must be no less than eight characters in the Latin alphabet. More is better, but keep in mind that services have limits on the number of characters. Your password must include upper and lower case letters and digits. For complications, it is best to add symbols like “$ % ^ & ! @ * ( ) _ – +.
It is best to create a new password for each service or application. You should never use the same password for critical services or applications, such as banking. If an intruder successfully hacks one account, most likely he will try to use the data to hack others as well.
The password should not coincide with the user’s login, day and year of birth, or last name. These are the easiest to crack.
How to make up a complex password
The best way is to use a password creation service. In addition, most password manager programs have a built-in password generator. In a couple of seconds, it will create a password that will take a cracker thousands of years to crack.
The problem is not so much creating a complex password, but remembering it. And when you consider that each service and application requires a unique password, the question arises “what to do?”.
The answer is simple: you must use one of the dozens of password manager programs. We talked about them in a detailed article.
- Never share important passwords with anyone, not even your family and friends.
- Change your passwords regularly. Yes, it’s inconvenient, but it’s better to change your account passwords once every couple of months than to recover the consequences of a hack.
- You should not use the password memorization feature of your browsers.
- If a service or application offers two-factor authentication, it’s better to take advantage of this option. Even if an intruder picks your password, the system, first, will warn you that someone is trying to log in to your account, and second, will send you an SMS to sign in.
- If you receive a message inviting you to change your password, and you haven’t requested a change, it’s most likely a message from an intruder.
- The password should not contain personal information, which can be easily found out, for example, on Facebook. These are date of birth, last name, first name.
- You should not leave passwords written down on paper in an accessible place. It is best not to write them down at all.
If you use these tips, common sense and obey the rules of online hygiene, then the probability of intruders hacking your account is reduced to zero.